Representative Publications


Bancroft, B.A., N.J. Baker, and A.R. Blaustein. 2007. A meta-analysis of the effects of ultraviolet B radiation and its synergistic interactions with pH, contaminants, and disease on amphibian survival. Conservation Biology 22: 987–996. PDF

Belden, L.K. and A.R. Blaustein. 2002. Exposure of red-legged frgo embryos to ambient UV-B radiation in the field negatively affects larval growth and development. Oecologia 130: 551-554. PDF

Belden, L.K. and A.R. Blaustein. 2002. Population differences in sensitivity to UV-B radiation for larval long-toed salamanders. Ecology 83: 1586-1590. PDF

Belden, L.K. and A. R. Blaustein. 2002. UV-B induced skin darkening in larval salamanders does not prevent sublethal effects of exposure on growth. Copeia 3: 748–754. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. 1994. Amphibians in a bad light. Natural History 103:32-37. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. 1994. Chicken Little or Nero's fiddle? A perspective on declining amphibian populations. Herpetologica 50(1): 85-97. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. and B.A. Bancroft. 2007. Amphibian population declines: evolutionary considerations. BioScience 57: 437-444. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. and L.K. Belden. 2003. Amphibian defenses against ultraviolet-B radiation. Evolution and Development 5: 89-97. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., L.K. Belden, A.C. Hatch, L.B. Kats, P.D. Hoffman, J.B. Hays, A. Marco, D.P. Chivers and J.M. Kiesecker. 2001. "Ultraviolet radiation and amphibians". Ecosystems, Evolution, and Ultraviolet Radiation. C. S. Cockell and A. R. Blaustein. New York , Springer: 63-79.

Blaustein, A.R., L.K. Belden, D.H. Olson, D.M. Green, T.L. Root, and J.M. Kiesecker. 2001. Amphibian breeding and climate change. Conservation Biology 15(6): 1804-1809.  PDF

Blaustein, A.R., S.S. Gervasi, P.T.J. Johnson, J.T. Hoverman, L.K. Belden, P.W. Bradley, and G.Y. Xie. 2012. Ecophysiology meets conservation: understanding the role of disease in amphibian population declines. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367: 1688-1707. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., B.A. Han, R.A. Relyea, P.T.J. Johnson, J.C. Buck, S.S. Gervasi, and L.B. Kats. 2011. The complexity of amphibian population declines: understanding the role of cofactors in driving amphibian losses. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1223: 108-119. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., A.C. Hatch, L.K. Belden and E.A. Scheessele. 2003. "Global change: challenges facing amphibians". Amphibian Conservation. R. D. Semlitsch, Smithsonian Press.

Blaustein, A.R., J.B. Hays, P.D. Hoffman, D.P. Chivers, J.M. Kiesecker, W.P. Leonard, A. Marco, D.H. Olson, J.K. Reaser and R.G. Anthony. 1999. DNA repair and resistance to UV-B radiation in western spotted frogs. Ecological Applications 9: 1100-1105. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., P.D. Hoffman, D.G. Hokit, J.M. Kiesecker, S.C. Walls and J.B. Hays. 1994. UV repair and resistance to solar UV-B in amphibian eggs: A link to population decline? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 91: 1791-1795. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., P.D. Hoffman, J.M. Kiesecker and J.B. Hays. 1996. DNA repair activity and resistance to solar UV-B radiation in eggs of the red-legged frog. Conservation Biology 10: 1398-1402. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. and J.M. Kiesecker. 2002. Complexity in conservation: lessons from the global decline of amphibian populations. Ecology Letters 5: 597-608. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., J.M. Kiesecker, D.P. Chivers, D.G. Hokit, A. Marco, L.K. Belden and A. Hatch. 1998. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on amphibians: field experiments. American Zoologist 38:799-812. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., J.M. Romansic, J.M. Kiesecker and A.C. Hatch. 2003. Ultraviolet radiation, toxic chemicals and amphibian population declines. Diversity and Distributions 9: 123-140. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., J.M. Romansic, E.A. Scheessele. 2005. Ambient levels of ultraviolet-B radiation cause mortality in juvenile western toads, Bufo boreas. American Midland Naturalist 154: 375 - 382. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. and D.B. Wake. 1995. The puzzle of declining amphibian populations. Scientific American. 272:52-57.

Blaustein, A.R., D.B. Wake and W.P. Sousa. 1994. Amphibian declines: judging stability, persistence, and susceptibility of populations to local and global extinctions. Conservation Biology 8:60-71. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., S.C. Walls, B.A. Bancroft, J.J. Lawler, C.L. Searle, and S.G. Gervasi. 2010. Direct and indirect effects of climate change on amphibian populations. Diversity 2: 281-313. PDF

Bucciarelli, G.M., A.R. Blaustein, T.S. Garcia, and L.B. Kats. 2014. Invasion complexities: the diverse impacts of nonnative species on amphibians. Copeia 14(4): 611-632. PDF

Buck, J.C., E.A. Scheessele, R.A. Relyea, and A.R. Blaustein. 2012. The effects of multiple stressors on wetland communities: pesticides, pathogens and competing amphibians. Freshwater Biology 57: 61-73. PDF

Buck, J.C., K.L. Scholz, J.R. Rohr, and A.R. Blaustein. 2014. Trophic dynamics in an aquatic community: interactions among primary producers, grazers, and a pathogenic fungus. Oecologia [epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1007/s00442-014-3165-6. PDF

Fite, K.V., A.R. Blaustein, L. Bengston, and H.E. Hewitt. 1998. Evidence of retinal damage in Rana cascadae: a declining amphibian species. Copeia 1998(4): 906-914. PDF

Gervasi S.S., Stephens P.R., Hua J., Searle C.L., Xie, G.Y., Urbina J., Olson, D.H., Bancroft B.A., Weis V., Hammond, J.I., Relyea R.A., and Blaustein A.R. 2017. Linking Ecology and Epidemiology to Understand Predictors of Multi-Host Responses to an Emerging Pathogen, the Amphibian Chytrid Fungus. PLOS ONE doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0167882. PDF

Hatch, A.C. and A.R. Blaustein. 2000. Combined effects of UV-B, nitrate, and low pH reduce the survival and activity level of larval Cascades frogs (Rana cascadae). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 39: 494–499. PDF

Hatch, A.C., L.K. Belden, E. Scheessele, and A.R. Blaustein. 2001. Juvenile amphibians do not avoid potentially lethal levels of urea on soil substrate. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20: 2328–2335. PDF

Hatch, A.C. and A.R. Blaustein. 2003. Combined effects of the UV-B radiation and nitrate fertilizer on larval amphibians. Ecological Applications 13: 1083–1093 PDF

Johnson, P.T.J., V.J. McKenzie, A.C. Peterson, J.L. Kerby, J. Brown, A.R. Blaustein, and T. Jackson. 2011. Regional decline of an iconic amphibian associated with elevation, land-use change, and invasive species. Conservation Biology 25(3): 556-566. PDF

Jones, D.K., Dang, T.D., Urbina, J., Bendis, R.J., Buck, J.C., Cothran, R.D., Blaustein, A.R., and Relyea, R.A. 2017. Effect of Simultaneaous Amphibian Exposure to Pesticides and an Emerging Fungal Pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Environmental Science & Technology 51: 671-679. PDF

Kiesecker, J.M. and A.R. Blaustein. 1997. Influences of egg laying behavior on pathogenic infection of amphibian eggs. Conservation Biology 11: 214-220 PDF

Kiesecker, J.M. and A.R. Blaustein. 1997. Population differences in responses of red-legged frogs (Rana aurora) to introduced bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana). Ecology 78:1752-1760.

Kiesecker, J.M., A.R. Blaustein, and C.L. Miller. 2001. Potential mechanisms underlying the displacement of native red-legged frogs by introduced bullfrogs. Ecology 82(7): 1964-1970. PDF

Kiesecker, J.M., A.R. Blaustein and L.K. Belden. 2001. Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature 410: 681-683. PDF and COVER PAGE

Lawler, J.J., S.L. Shafer, B.A. Bancroft, and A.R. Blaustein. 2009. Projected climate impacts for the amphibians of the western hemisphere. Conservation Biology 24(1): 38-50. PDF

Macías G., A Marco, A.R. Blaustein. 2007. Combined exposure to ambient UVB radiation and nitrite negatively affects survival of amphibian early life stages. Science of the Total Environment 385: 55–65. PDF

Marco, A. and A.R. Blaustein. 2000. Symbiosis with green algae affects survival and growth of Northwestern salamander embryos. Journal of Herpetology 34(4): 617-621. PDF

Marco, A., D. Cash, L.K. Belden, and A.R. Blaustein. 2001. Sensitivity to urea fertilization in three amphibian species. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 40: 406-409. PDF

Marco, A., M. Lizana, A. Alvarez and A.R. Blaustein. 2001. Egg-wrapping behaviour protects newt embryos from UV radiation. Animal Behaviour 61:1-6. PDF

Marco, A., M. and A.R. Blaustein. 1999. The effects of nitrite on behavior and metamorphosis in Casades frogs (Rana cascadae). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18: 946-949. PDF

Marco, A., M., Quilchano, C. and A.R. Blaustein. 1999. Sensitivity to nitrate and nitrite in pond-breeding amphibians from the Pacific Northwest, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18: 2836–2839. PDF

Paoletti, D.J., D.H. Olson, and A.R. Blaustein. 2011. Responses of Foothill Yellow-legged frog (Rana boylii) larvae to an introduced predator. Copeia 1: 161-168. PDF

Reed, J.M. and A.R. Blaustein. 1995. Assessment of "nondeclining" amphibian populations using power analysis. Conservation Biology 9(5): 1299-1300. PDF

Romansic, J.M., K.A. Diez, E.M. Higashi, A.R. Blaustein. 2006. Effects of nitrate and the pathogenic water mold Saprolegnia on survival of amphibian larvae. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 68: 235 - 243. PDF

Romansic, J.M., Waggener, A.A., Bancroft, B.A., and A.R. Blaustein. 2009. Influence of ultraviolet-B radiation on growth, prevalence of deformities, and susceptibility to predation in Cascades frog (Rana cascadae) larvae. Hydrobiologia 624: 219-233. PDF

Romansic, J.M., Johnson J.E., Wagner R.S., Hill R.H., Gaulke C.A., Vredengurg V.T., and Blaustein A.R. 2017. Complex interactive effects of water molde, herbicide, and the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on Pacific treefrog Hyliola regilla hosts. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 123: 227-238. PDF

Searle, C.S., L.K. Belden, B.A. Bancroft, B.A. Han, L.M. Biga, and A.R. Blaustein. 2010. Experimental examination of the effects of ultraviolet-B radiation in combination with other stressors on frog larvae. Oecologia 162: 237-245. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., J.M. Kiesecker, D.G. Hokit, and S.C. Walls. 1995. Amphibian declines and UV radiation. BioScience 45(8):514-515. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., J.M. Kiesecker, S.C. Walls, and D.G. Hokit. 1996. Field experiments, amphibian mortality, and UV radiation. BioScience 46(6): 386-388. PDF

Blaustein, A.R. and L.B. Kats. 2003. Amphibians in a very bad light. BioScience 53(11): 1028-1029. PDF

Blaustein, A.R., B. Han, B. Fasy, J. Romansic, E.A. Scheessele, R.G. Anthony, A. Marco, D.P. Chivers, L.K. Belden, J.M. Kiesecker, T. Garcia, M. Lizana, and L.B. Kats. 2004. Variable breeding phenology affects the exposure of amphibian embryos to ultraviolet radiation AND optical characteristics of natural waters protect amphibians from UV-B in the U.S. Pacific Northwest: Comment. Ecology 85(6): 1747-1754. PDF